At NArFU Scientists Discussed Issues of Preserving Historic and Cultural Heritage in the Changing Climatic Conditions

At NArFU Scientists Discussed Issues of Preserving Historic and Cultural Heritage in the Changing Climatic Conditions

On April 30, 2021, The IX All-Russian Conference "Development of the North-Arctic Region: History and Traditions of the Arctic Peoples in Changing Climatic Conditions" completed its work. It was organised by the Higher School of Social Sciences, Humanities and International Communication of NArFU in cooperation with the National Arctic Research and Education Consortium, Petrozavodsk State University, Murmansk Arctic State University, Pitirim Sorokin Syktyvkar State University. The conference was attended by scientists from the Northern (Arctic) Federal University, Karelian Research Centre of Russian Academy of Sciences, Centre of Arctic Exploration, Department of Country Studies of the Institute of Europe of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow Institute of Architecture (State Academy) (Moscow), Petrozavodsk State University, Saint Petersburg State University and other educational and scientific establishments. In general, the conference brought together 171 researchers from 10 different cities of Russia and other countries.

The conference included a plenary session, master classes, breakout sessions and a round table. The participants of the conference were also able to improve their skills in the program "The Humanitarian Dimension of the Russian Arctic" of cultural and historical or social and political focus.

In the section "International Cooperation and Competition in the Arctic Region" (the head — O. Zaretskaya, the World History Department) held online on April 29, 2021, 9 reports were heard, and 5 more participants presented their speeches in absentia, having posted them on the Teams platform.

The content of the reports was very diverse and covered several topical and fundamental issues of international cooperation and competition: the history of international relations, issues of interaction in the Arctic, problems of ecology and sustainable and economic development.

Presentations were made by both established scientists and young scientists, postgraduates. All the presentations attracted interest from the participants of the section and became the subject of discussion.

The section "Arctic Tourism and Media Image of the Arctic" (the head — O. Pechinkina, Department of English Philology, Nordic Languages and Language Pedagogy) was attended by teachers and students from Arkhangelsk, Murmansk, Petrozavodsk and Tampere (Finland). Most of the presentations were dedicated to various types of tourism, including cruise tourism and urban exploration. Nina Wurdelia, a doctoral student from Finland, presented the report "Environmental Humanities and the Arctic: (Collective) Body in Extreme Weather Conditions" in English. The participants of the section also discussed the main areas of research on Arctic topics in social sciences and humanities and peculiarities of preparing and publishing of articles in journals that are indexed in international databases.

At the meeting of the section "Language Educational Landscape of the North-Arctic Region: Challenges and Opportunities of Mixed Foreign Language Teaching: in Search of a Method" (the head — E. Tryapitsyna, Department of English Philology, Nordic Languages and Language Pedagogy) 9 in-person presentations were made. A common theme of all the presentations was understanding and acceptance of changes that characterise the organisation of process of foreign language teaching at universities, caused by qualitative changes in goals and conditions of language education. Most speakers offered for discussion their experience of using digital educational technologies to solve practical problems of language learning and improve the quality of education.

Following the discussion the participants of the breakout session came to the conclusion that there is a need for closer cooperation between the departments that implement language training to exchange the existing unique developments, to promote promising foreign language teaching technology and to create a permanent platform of scientific discussion of current issues and challenges of language education.

On 30th of April a meeting of the section "Actual Problems of the Development of the Northern Territories in the Context of Climate Change" was held (the heads — N. Sinitskaya and I. Sivobrova, Department of State and Municipal Management) was held at the Higher School of Economics, Management and Law. The section was attended by scientists from NArFU and the Federal Center for Integrated Arctic Research of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences. A detailed conversation was held on the impact of global climate problems on the development of the Arctic and the search for promising answers to environmental challenges in the Arctic. The speakers in their presentations raised the problems of rural territories development in the Arctic zone in conditions of climate changes and the problems of Arctic entrepreneurship, proposed new approaches to assessing the level of social and ecological tension, to considering the climate risks in assessing the potential of development and to considering the climate factors in programmes of social development of Arctic territories. 

The section "Human Capital and the Quality of Life of the Arctic Population" (the head — I. Vereshchagin, Philosophy and Sociology Department of NArFU) combined at first glance multidirectional reports. However, the research that they reflected, one way or another, is aimed at studying humans in the conditions of the North and the Arctic. The section was attended by postgraduates and master degree students, representatives of university and academic science. The issues of the northern regions development including those considering socio-demographic and political processes, as well as issues related to the life of the indigenous small-numbered peoples of the North.

Eleven researchers from Arkhangelsk, Petrozavodsk and Saint Petersburg took part in the section "Comprehensive Study of Territorial Development: Historical Experience and Modern Approaches" (the heads — T. Teterevleva, E. Shurupova, Russian History Department). The reports covered a wide range of topics related to various aspects of the history of exploration and development of the northern territories. The report of Professor I. Suvorova (Petrozavodsk State University), dedicated to the complex scientific expeditions organised by the Humanitarian Innovation Park of PetrSU, aroused great interest. Current interdisciplinary approaches in source research were reflected in the report "Photographs of the Sedov Expedition to the North Pole 1912-1914 As a Source of Visual Geography and Ethnography" made by a researcher at the St. Petersburg branch of the Sergey Vavilov Institute for the History of Natural Science and Technology, T. Feklova (Saint Petersburg) and Professor L. Sergiyenko (Petrozavodsk State University). Extensive visual material was also presented in the report of Professor T. Minaeva (NArFU) " The Journey of I. Grabar to the Russian North in 1902 in the Context of the History of the Protection of Monuments of Wooden Architecture". Associate Professor of NArFU O. Churakova dedicated her presentation "Siberian entrepreneur Mikhail Sidorov's „Northern Evenings“" to little-known sketches related to the promotion of the ideas of the development of the Russian North and Siberia in the XIX century. Several presentations were dedicated to analysis of the historical experience of organisation of the economy and economic development of the Arctic territories: to the problems of the formation of iodine production in the European North (Associate Professor of NArFU E. Shurupova, Associate Professor of NArFU T. Teterevleva); to peculiarities of interaction between northern monasteries and peasant society (postgraduate student of NArFU Y. Kharitonova); to the development of urban infrastructure in the Arctic region on the example of bridge construction (postgraduate student of NArFU S. Gulyaev). Novice researchers — master degree students of Russian History Department E. Mazilova and I. Gustov — also presented their reports at the section. The interesting discussion that took place will probably be an effective incentive for them to continue their work

Round table discussion "From the Theory of Language to the Practice of Teaching in the Age of Information" (the head — L. Shchipitsina, Department of German and French Philology) provided an opportunity for teachers working at the Arctic University to exchange ideas on topical issues of language theory and the organisation of education in the information society and a difficult epidemiological situation. N. Yershova and A. Larkina's report on the possibilities of including regional content in language courses conducted at NArFU got particularly live feedback.

Unique and interesting information was presented to the participants of the conference during the master classes of E. Ermolov and V. Sosedova. Head of the Historical and Cultural Heritage Department at the Russian Arctic National Park E. Ermolov, Arkhangelsk, presented the materials of Arctic expeditions including those obtained during his own trips to the Arctic. V. Sosedova, Clarivate Training Specialist, Moscow, introduced the participants of the master class to the Arctic-related journals indexed in the Web of Science database and talked about some tools for searching and preparing publications for such journals.

Currently, the conference participants are preparing articles for the conference proceedings which will be published in fall of 2021 and will be indexed in the RSCI.

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