Trends and Tendencies of 
International Relations in the European North (the first half of 20th century)

Course unit code: Б3.ДВ3.

Department: Institute of Humanities, Social and Political Sciences.

Type of course unit (compulsory, optional): Theoretical, optional.

Level of course unit (e.g. first, second or third cycle; sub-level if applicable): First (bachelor level). Advanced emphasis course.

Year of study (if applicable): recommendedafter completing at least one year of undergraduate studies.

Semester/trimester when the course unit is delivered: First (Autumn) semester.

Number of ECTS credits allocated: 10 ECTS

Name of lecturer(s): Andrey V. Repnevskiy, Oxana V. Zaretskaia, Nikolay A. Danilov.

Learning outcomes of the course unit: course aims to enable students from abroad and Northern Arctic Federal university students getting knowledge and understanding core aspects and acute problems of international relations in the European North, developing analytical abilities and competencies through work and analysis with the historical data and sources.


  • content and the main directions, specific and regular features of international relations in the Arctic;
  • genesis and development of northern orientations of European countries, Russia and the USA;
  • content, key stages and directions of Russian foreign policy and international relations in the Arctic and Circumpolar region during the first half of 20th century.


  • key features and the main stages of the Arctic and Circumpolar regions transformation into the new international space and into field of the strategic state interests during the first half of 20th century;
  • interdependence of international relation and political and socio-economical processes in the northern countries.

Analytical abilities:

  • define and analyze driving forces and regularities of historical process;
  • analyze, estimate and forecast political and socio-economical issues and processes;
  • detect and analyze interdependence of inner and international politics.


  • ability to percept critically, analyze and summarize data from different sources;
  • ability to form own opinion, logically prove and argue own position in the discussion and debates;
  • working with historical data to provide activities of analytical centers, public and government organizations, and mass-media.

Mode of delivery (face-to-face, distance learning): Face-to-face and distance (on-line) learning.

Prerequisites and co-requisites: General requirements for study competence at the university level in Humanities.

Recommended optional programme components: Other courses devoted to the history and contemporary issues of Arctic region, preferably courses of Bachelor of Circumpolar Studies.

Course content:

Course consists of 6 Modules.

Course emphasizes the key issues of international relations in the Northern-European region, which led to principal changes on the international arena and inner policy of Arctic countries.

Course devoted to studying of the core issues of international relations and cooperation in the Arctic/Circumpolar region/Northern Europe during first half of 20th century which led to transformation the region from periphery of Europe to the one of the most important region for international cooperation.

Our course aims to consider such problems as:

  • What were reasons for such transformation?
  • What was the importance of the Arctic region in the international relations in the 20th century?
  • How did international relations in the Circumpolar Region influent on the internal developing of Arctic countries?

Recommended or required reading:

  1. Lindgren R.E. Norway-Sweden: Union, Disunion, and Scandinavian Integration. Princeton: University Press, 1959. 298 p.
  2. Mathisen T. Svalbard in the Changing Arctic. Oslo: Gyldendal Norsk Forlag, 1954. 112 p.
  3. Nielsen J.P. The Russia of the Tsar and North Norway. «The Russian Danger» Revisited // Русский Север и Север Европы в XVII – XX веках: проблемы изучения истории регионов и международных отношений. Материалы второй российской методической школы аспирантов и молодых преподавателей. Архангельск: КИРА, 2005. P. 30 – 54.
  4. Riste O. The neutral ally: Norway’s relations with belligerent power in the First World War. Oslo: Universitetsforlaget, 1965. 295 s.
  5. Russia and Norway: Physical and Symbolic Borders / eds.: T. Jackson, J.P. Nielsen. M.: Languages of Slavonic culture, 2005. 216 p.
  6. Salmon P. Scandinavia and the Great Powers, 1890 – 1940. Cambridge: University Press, 1997. 422 p.
  7. Ulfstein G. The Svalbard Treaty. From Terra Nullius to Norwegian Sovereignty. Oslo: Scandinavian University Press, 1995. 572 p.
  8. Åcelius G. The “Russian menace” to Sweden. The Belief System of a Small Power Security Elite in the Age of Imperialism. Stockholm: Almqvist & Wiksell, 1994. 455 p.

Planned learning activities and teaching methods: Lections, seminars and essay. Seminars planned in classic form with reports and discussions and in form of group project work. Students will work in small groups to prepare spesial tasks. Each group will analyse influence of the key events on developing one of northern countries.

Assessment methods and criteria: the results of essay, reports and group analytical projects and the exam are considered jointly and equally for the final grade: A-E=pass, F=fail

Examination consist of three parts:

  1. Essay 9-12 pages, deadline 15th of November (30% of final grade);
  2. Reports and group analitical projects within the framework of seminars during whole semester (30% of final grade);
  3. Final four-hours University-based, closed-book writting examination (40% of final grade).

Language of instruction: English.

Work placement(s): No.