Educational modules

Module Summary: The atmosphere above the Arctic waters suffers from the increasing anthropogenic pressure. Various pollutants get into the Arctic region from the continent as the result of atmospheric discharges (fires, industrial and transport pollution) due to the long-range transport of air masses. The course offers participants a chance to study the methods for determining the amount of dioxide in the surface air layer, acquire the skills to measure the flux of solar radiation in different spectral ranges (from 300 to 3000 nm, and 300–700 nm – photosynthetic active radiation) that determine the short-wave component of the radiation balance, and calculate main meteorological parameters. The theoretical part is devoted to the interaction of suspended particulates and emission, thermal balance of an ecosystem and modern methods of air pollutants accounting in climatic models and in climatic changes forecasts.

Module Coordinator: Prokhorova Ulyana Vyacheslavovna, scientific researcher, Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute (


  1. Aamaas B., Egede B.C. Stordal F., Berntsen T., Holmen K. Elemental Carbon Deposition to Svalbard Snow from Norwegian Settlements and Long-range Transport // Tellus. 2011. 63B. PP. 340–351.
  2. Andreae M.O., Gelencser A. Black Carbon or Brown Carbon? The Nature of Light-Absorbing Carbonaceous Aerosols // Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics. 2006. Vol. 6. PP. 3131–3148.
  3. Stone R.S., Sharma S., Herber A., Eleftheriadis K., Nelson D.W. A Characterization of Arctic Aerosols on the Basis of Aerosol Optical Depth and Black Carbon Measurements // Elementa: Science of the Anthropocene. 2014. No. 2. 22 p.
  4. Popovicheva O., Kireeva E., Persiantseva N., Timofeev M., Bladt H., Ivleva N.P., Niessner R., Moldanova J. Microscopic Characterization of Individual Particles from Multicomponent Ship Exhaust // Journal of environmental monitoring. 2012. No. 14. PP. 3101–3110.

Module Summary: The course gives students with no special hydro meteorological education an opportunity to study basic concepts and processes happening in the global ocean with further particular expansion into the peculiarities of the Arctic Ocean and Barents Sea.

Module Coordinator: Vesman Anna Viktorovna, scientific researcher, Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute (


  1. Stewart R.H. Introduction to Physical Oceanography. 2008. 345 p. URL: 
  2. Matthias T., Godfrey J.S. Regional Oceanography (2nd Edition). 2004. 401 p. URL:

Module Summary: In the territory of the European North of Russia and the Arctic stationary and mobile installations use fuel energy resources, both fossil and renewable. The give information on organization of energy system, distribution of energy resources, use of fuels, the perfection of thermodynamic processes and technical condition of facilities operating in this area. In the process of burning solid and liquid fuels, a number of harmful gases substances are formed that can be classified as highly hazardous and extremely hazardous. The theoretical part of the course will be based on experimental data obtained when performing scientific research at power plants of enterprises of the North-West Federal District. The course program will help the expedition participants to get acquainted with the methods of gas analysis, selection of gas-air samples from exhaust / smoke gases, determination of the volume of gas-air flows.

Module Coordinator: Popov Anatoly Nikolayevich, Associate Professor, Department of Heat Power Engineering Thermal Technology, Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov (


  1. lach B., Bendz K., Krautgartner R., Lieberz S. EU Biofuels Annual 2013. The Hague: USDA Foreign Agricultural Service.
  2. Kocbach A., Li Y., Yttri K.E. et al. Physicochemical characterization of combustion particles from vehicle exhaust and residential wood // Part Fibre Toxicol. 2006. No. 3(1). URL:
  3. Lyubov V.K., Malygin P.V., Popov A.N., Popova E.I. Determining heat loss into the environment based on comprehensive investigation of boiler performance characteristics // Thermal Engineering. 2015. Vol. 62, Is. 8. PP. 572–576. URL:
  4. Lyubov V.K., Popov A.N. Plywood production wastes to energy // IOP Conf. Series: Journal of Physics. 2017. Ser. 891. 7 p. URL:
  5. Lyubov V.K. et al. Emissions of soot particles from heat generators // IOP Conf. Series: Journal of Physics. 2017. Ser. 891. 6 p. URL:

Module Summary: the course will briefly consider the following issues: difficulties in working in the field of the polar regions; similarities and differences in ecosystem components (biota, soils, their interaction) of the Arctic and Antarctic; the global role of soils and microorganisms in the biosphere and human life; features of ecology and physiology of fungi cryoarid ecosystems; use of strains of microorganisms of polar ecosystems in various branches of biotechnology.

Module Coordinator: Nikitin Dmitry Alekseevich, post-graduate student, Faculty of Soil Science, Moscow State University named after M.V. Lomonosov (


  1. Horikoshi K., Antranikian G., Bull A.T., Robb F.T., Stetter K.O. (Eds.). Extremophiles handbook. 2010. 608 p.
  2. Gerday C., Glansdorff N. Physiology and biochemistry of extremophiles. 2007. 429 p.
  3. Onofri S., Selbmann L., De Hoog G.S., Grube M., Barreca D., Ruisi S., Zucconi L. Evolution and adaptation of fungi at boundaries of life // Advances in Space Research. 2007. No. 40(11). PP. 1657–1664.
  4. Vlasov D.Y. Microscopic fungi in extreme habitats: biodiversity and interactions // Biosphere. 2011. No. 3(4). PP. 479–492.
  5. Anitori R.P. (Ed.). Extremophiles: microbiology and biotechnology. 2012. 299 p.
  6. Goryachkin S.V. Soil Cover of the North (Patterns, Genesis, Ecology, Evolution). 2010. 414 p.
  7. Kushner D.J. Microbal Life in Extreme Environments. 1978.

Module Summary: the course focuses on legal and political issues in the Arctic (for example, in relevant areas of international law and political science) and their relationship to global issues. This module shall look at topical issues in law and politics in the Arctic, including such as problems of sovereignty, navigation, environment, global and geopolitical trends, and rights of Arctic indigenous peoples, governance and international cooperation in the North.

Module Coordinator: Dr. Natalia Loukacheva, Canada Research Chair in Aboriginal Governance and Law, University of Northern British Columbia (Prince George) Canada (


  1. Loukacheva N. Introduction to Polar Law // Polar Law Textbook. 2010. PP. 13–23. URL:
  2. Loukacheva N., Polar Law Developments and Major Trends // Polar Law Textbook II. 2013. PP. 17–35. URL:
  3. Loukacheva N. Polar Law and Resources // Nordic Council of Ministers, Tema Nord. 2015. 159 p. URL:

Module Summary: the course will be devoted to the study of the bottom population of the Barents Sea. The main views on the heterogeneity of the bottom population, possible ways of its formation, as well as the methods of studying the Arctic benthos, possible errors in processing and analysis of results will be shown.

Module Coordinator: Nekhaev Ivan Olegovich, researcher, Laboratory of Macroecology and Biogeography, Saint-Petersburg State University (


  1. Zhirkov I.A. Life at the bottom. Biogeography and bioecology of benthos. 2010. 404 p.
  2. Nekhaev I.O. Newly arrived or previously overlooked: is there evidence for climate-driven changes in the distribution of molluscs in the Barents Sea? // Biodiversity and Conservation. 2016. No. 25(5). PP. 807–825.
  3. Nekhaev I.O., Krol E.N. Diversity of shell-bearing gastropods along the western coast of the Arctic archipelago Novaya Zemlya: an evaluation of modern and historical data // Polar Biology. 2017. No. 40(11). PP. 2279–2289.
  4. Zhirkov I.A. Biogeography of the Barents Sea benthos // Invertebrate Zoology. 2013. No. 10. PP. 69–88.
  5. Jørgensen L.L., Ljubin P., Skjoldal H.R., Ingvaldsen R.B., Anisimova N., Manushin I. Distribution of benthic megafauna in the Barents Sea: baseline for an ecosystem approach to management // ICES Journal of Marine Science. 2014. No. 72(2). PP. 595–613.
  6. Jacobsen T., Ozhigin V.K. (eds.). The Barents Sea: Ecosystem, Resources, Management: Half a Century of Russian–Norwegian Cooperation. 2011. 832 p.

Module Summary: the course includes review on fauna, ecological features and adaptations of insects in Russian Arctic and Sub-arctic, history of their study and considers trends and limitations in development of insect habitats of extreme biotopes in high latitudes.

Module Coordinator: Přiroboro Andrei A., Senior Researcher, Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences (


  1. Bocher J. et al. (eds.). The Greenland entomofauna. An identification manual of insects, spiders and their allies // Fauna Entomologica Scandinavica. 2015. No. 44. 881 p.
  2. Coulson S.J. et al. The terrestrial and freshwater invertebrate biodiversity of the archipelagoes of the Barents Sea; Svalbard, Franz Josef Land and Novaya Zemlya // Soil Biology & Biochemistry. 2014. No. 68. PP. 440–470.
  3. Remmert H. Arctic animal ecology. 1980. VIII. 250 p.
  4. Danks H.V. Arctic arthropods. A review of systematics and ecology with particular reference to North American fauna. 1981. 608 p.
  5. Danks H.V. Insect adaptations to cold and changing environments // Canadian Entomologist. 2006. No. 138. PP. 1–23.
  6. Danks H.V. Seasonal adaptations in Arctic insects // Integrative & Comparative Biology. 2004. No. 44: PP. 85–94.
  7. Chernov Yu.I. Ecology and biogeography. Selected works. 2008.
  8. Denlinger D.L., Lee R.E. Low temperature biology of insects. 2010. 380 p.
  9. Babenko A.B., Matveeva N.V., Makarova O.L., Golovach S.I. (eds.) Species and communities in extreme environments. 2009. 494 p.

Module Summary: the course will briefly cover the following matters: formation of plate tectonics as a full-fledged scientific theory; basic tectonics of plates and their justification; a variety of boundaries between lithospheric plates and geodynamic environments associated with them; issues of periodization of tectonic activity on planet Earth; epochs of folding and formation and decay of supercontinents; basis of paleomagnetic method and its application in tectonic studies; current state of tectonic and paleomagnetic studies in the Russian Arctic.

Module Coordinator: Matushkin Nikolay Yurievich, Associate Professor at the Department of Geology and Geophysics, Novosibirsk State University (


  1. Firsch W., Meschede M., Blakey R. Plate tectonics. Continental Drift and Mountain Building. 2011. 214 p.
  2. Khain V.E., Lomize M.G. Geotectonics with the basics of geodynamics. 2005, 560 p.
  3. Dobretsov N.N. Fundamentals of tectonics and geodynamics. Novosibirsk, 2011. 492 p.
  4. Borukaev Ch.B. Dictionary-reference book on modern tectonic terminology. Novosibirsk. 1999. 69 p.
Updated 05.06.2018