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The Arctic Council is a high-level intergovernmental forum that provides a means for promoting cooperation, coordination and interaction among the Arctic States, with the involvement of the Arctic Indigenous communities and other Arctic inhabitants on common Arctic issues. It was set up between the eight Arctic states, with representatives of the indigenous peoples as permanent participants, in Ottawa in 1996.
Initially, the Arctic Council has been mainly concerned with environmental matters including climate change and pollution, both of which are being felt more heavily in the Northern regions. Nowadays the Arctic region is attracting an increasing attention of the whole world. Thus, the role of Council is growing significantly. Climate change is still a major concern, but rapid economic development and social transformation in the region also represent a significant topic for discussion.
The Arctic Council has limited powers – it issues non-binding protocols on member states, but it provides a dialogue and cooperation between the State Members on the Arctic issues. It makes the voices of indigenous people who are on the receiving end of rapid environmental change in the Arctic to be heard.
The Arctic Council has eight permanent members made up of the eight Arctic countries: Norway, Russia, Canada, US, Denmark, Finland, Iceland and Sweden.
The status of Permanent Participants of the Arctic Council is granted to the Indigenous peoples’ organizations. They have full consultation rights in the processes of Council’s negotiations and decision-making. The Arctic Council includes six Indigenous peoples’ organizations with the status of Permanent Participants. They are:
Taking into consideration the Arctic's growing geopolitical significance the Arctic Council allows other countries and organizations not belonging to the “Arctic club” to be closer to the action. Observers do not participate in the decision-making process. They are not able to directly raise issues either, but they can bring them forward through one of the eight core members. The observers of the Arctic Council are non-arctic states (France, Germany, the Netherlands, Poland, Spain, United Kingdom, China, Italy, Japan, Republic of Korea, Singapore, India), global and regional inter-governmental and inter-parliamentary organizations (such as International Federation of Red Cross & Red Crescent Societies, Nordic Council of Ministers and others), and non-governmental organizations (such as University of the Arctic, WWF and others).
Decisions at all levels in the Arctic Council are the exclusive right and responsibility of the eight Arctic States with the involvement of the Permanent Participants, but observers shall be invited to the meetings of the Arctic Council. Their primary task is to observe the work of the Arctic Council. Observers are engaged into work of the Arctic Council at the level of Working Groups where, at the discretion of the Chair, they can make statements after Arctic states and Permanent Participants, present written statements, submit relevant documents and provide views on the issues under discussion. They also may propose projects through an Arctic State or a Permanent Participant. Observers do not have right to take part at Ministerial meetings, but they may submit written statements.
1. Working Groups
The Council's activities are conducted in six Working Groups that are composed of experts representing sectoral ministries, government agencies and researchers. Working Groups engage in the issues such as monitoring, assessing and preventing pollution in the Arctic, climate change, biodiversity conservation and sustainable use, emergency preparedness and prevention, as well as living conditions of Arctic residents etc. The scientific reports represented by Working Groups provide knowledge, advice and recommendations to the Arctic Council. There are six Working Groups of the Arctic Council:
The Arctic Council Session is Senior Arctic Officials (SAOs) and Permanent Participants (PPs) meet held at least twice a year. SAOs are high-level representatives from the eight member nations. Sometimes they are ambassadors, but often they are senior foreign ministry officials entrusted with staff-level coordination. Representatives of the six Permanent Participants and the accredited Observers also are in attendance at the Arctic Council Session.
During the Arctic Council Sessions SAOs and PPs discuss the issues raised during the work of the Arctic Council Working Groups and take decisions. All Arctic Council decisions are taken according the principle of Consensus.
3. Ministerial Meeting
Ministerial Meeting is the culmination of the Council’s work for the period of two-year cycle. At the Ministerial Meeting the eight Member States are represented by Ministers from their Foreign Affairs, Northern Affairs, or Environment Ministry. A formal, though non-binding, Declaration is signed at the Meeting. It sums up the past accomplishments and the future work of the Council. The Declaration covers such issues as climate change, sustainable development, Arctic monitoring and assessment, persistent organic pollutants and other contaminants, and the work of the Council's six Working Groups. It has become a tradition that the Declaration is named after the town in which the Meeting is held.
What is MAC?
Students from the north of Russia, USA, Canada, Finland, Sweden, Norway, Denmark and Iceland, will gather to replicate the Arctic Council work and discuss the most pressing issues of the Arctic region. The participants will roleplay the representatives of State Members, Permanent Participants, Observers, and invited Experts at the Working Groups and Arctic Sessions, and Ministerial Meeting. During the game participants will explore and discuss the topics of vital importance to the Arctic and then present these issue from different stakeholders’ positions in a face-to-face setting which will be organized during a role – play “Model Arctic Council” in Arkhangelsk, February 25-28, 2014.
MAC will be organized in the form of Winter School. Prior to face-to-face meeting in Arkhangelsk, the students will be expected to work with literature and to write down their position papers, which will be discussed during the sessions and evaluated by the experts. After the meeting in Arkhangelsk, the participants are expected to submit course papers. Winter school participant will be given 5 ECTS after the course completion.
At the end of MAC, outstanding delegates in each working group are recognized and given an award certificate.
MAC is a simulation of the Arctic Council, so its structure corresponds to the structure of the Arctic Council and includes three stages:
Working Groups Sessions
Arctic Council Sessions
Working Groups session: Students will be assigned to represent a country/ an organization and a working group (AMAP, CAFF, EPPR, PAME) in which they will work as representatives of an assigned country/organization. According to the topic of the Winter School “Development for the people in the North”, Sustainable Development Working Group has been chosen for replication at MAC:
Sustainable Development Working Group (SDWG) has the following goals: to propose and adopt steps to be taken by the Arctic States to advance sustainable development in the Arctic, including opportunities, to protect and enhance the environment and the economies, culture and health of Indigenous Peoples and Arctic communities, as well as to improve the environmental, economic and social conditions of Arctic communities as a whole.
Arctic Council Session will be a simulation of a Senior Arctic Official’s (SAOs) meeting. In this part of the MAC, all members are divided into delegations, and as members of a delegation they will work together to represent their country interests. They will argue the opinions of other delegates on the problems discussed during the working group sessions. The aim of the discussion is to reach consensus on the discussed issues and write a Declaration that later is presented to the ministers of Arctic States.
Ministerial meeting will be held on the final day and devoted to the simulation of the Arctic Council’s Ministerial meeting. All the participants will roleplay “Member States” and “Permanent Participants”.
Our academic team
Diddy R. M. Hitchins,
Diddy Hitchins was born in Glasgow, Scotland and grew up in England. She has a BA in Social Sciences (Politics; Sociology; Economics) from the University of Southampton, UK, and MA (Political Behaviour) and PhD (Government) from the University of Essex, UK. Her PhD thesis on Political Socialization looked at how young people (12 – 17 years old) develop their political attitudes. Her first academic appointment was at the University of Ghana, Legon, West Africa (1970 – 1974). From 1976 to 2006 she was Professor of Political Science at the University of Alaska Anchorage (UAA), USA, specializing in Comparative Politics and International Relations. Her research focus has been on the politics of the Arctic and North Pacific regions with special emphasis on Canada and the Russian Far East. At UAA she was the founding Director of the Model United Nations of Alaska which has won national recognition. She also served as UAA’s Director of International Studies and was the founding Director of Canadian Studies, and North Pacific Studies (China, the Koreas, Japan, the Russian Far East and Canada) at UAA. Diddy Hitchins served a term as President of the Association for Canadian Studies in the US (ACSUS) and was responsible for several faculty development study tours to the Canadian North and West. In 2005 Queen Elizabeth II made Diddy Hitchins a Member of the British Empire (MBE) in recognition for her service as British Honorary Consul for Alaska since 1985. Since becoming Professor Emerita in 2006, Diddy Hitchins has continued to work on projects with a focus on Arctic international relations. One of her goals is to ensure the development of a Model Arctic Council program under the auspices of the University of the Arctic as a tool for youth leadership development in the Arctic.
Douglas C. Nord,
Professor Douglas Nord is an established scholar in the fields of international relations and comparative politics. His areas of specialty include the foreign and northern development policies of Canada, Scandinavia and Russia as well as the United States. He has written extensively on the relations between the countries of the circumpolar north and on the emergence of the Arctic as a central concern of contemporary international politics. Nord received his undergraduate degree in International Relations from the University of Redlands and his M.A. and Ph.D. in Political Science from the Duke University in the United States. He has lectured at several universities in Europe and North America including the University of Birmingham, the University of Minnesota, Wright State University and most recently at Western Washington University. He served as the Founding Dean of the Faculty of Management and Administration at the University of Northern British Columbia in Canada. In 2013 he was a Fulbright Research Scholar at the University of Umeå in Sweden where he conducted a study of the Swedish Chairmanship of the Arctic Council which will soon be published.
PhD in Social and Political Philosophy, Assistant Professor, Director of the Institute of Social and Political Sciences at Northern (Arctic) Federal. She has experience of working at Norut (Northern Research Institute, Tromsø, Norway) as a Social Science researcher. As a researcher her fields of expertise are multiculturalism, gender studies, migration. In the last three years she was involved into cross-disciplinary research projects on climate change and human health; aging, ICT and nursing; bilingual children and limits of welfare. As a lecturer she has experience of teaching courses in Philosophy, Social and Political Philosophy, Gender Studies, Social Issues and Welfare in Russia and Norway, etc. She has more than 30 publications (articles, book chapters, monograph) in Russian and in English.
Piotr Graczyk is a PhD Candidate and Research Fellow in political science at the UiT The Arctic University of Norway in Tromsø, Norway (formerly the University of Tromsø). His research interests include roles of the Arctic Council in Arctic governance and how this forum affects Arctic states' foreign and security policies as well as involvement of non-Arctic actors in the Arctic, and specifically within the Arctic Council. Piotr's doctoral project focuses on institutional impact on member states' policies and interests, where he looks at the Arctic Council's role in shaping an Arctic shipping regime.
Piotr has gained invaluable experience and expertise in Arctic affairs, among others, during his work as a policy assistant (internship) at the Arctic Council Secretariat in Tromsø and frequent member of Polish delegations to Arctic Council's meetings as an adviser for the Polish Ministry of Foreign Affairs. He is a member of the Flagship Arctic Ocean at the Fram Centre in Tromsø, NRF-UArctic Thematic Network on Geopolitics and Security as well as the Social Science and Polish Polar History Team at the Committee on Polar Research of the Polish Academy of Sciences. He holds MA in international relations with major in security and strategic studies from the University of Warsaw. In November 2013 he organized a Model Arctic Council role-play for students of political science at the Arctic University of Norway in Tromsø.
Deputy Director for International Cooperation, Institute of Economics and Management, NARFU, PhD in Economics, Associate Professor of Management Department Scientific interests: Regional Economy, International Business in the northern territories, Logistics.
The Winter School Model Arctic Council “Development for the People in the North”
The Arctic is in a phase of rapid and unpredictable changes. It is one of the most vulnerable regions on the Earth which is heavily affected by ongoing climate change. The average temperature in the Arctic has increased at twice the rate of the global average over the past 100 years. Glaciers and sea ice are melting more extensively than before. Climate change affects ecosystems of the Arctic, as well as the cultures of the indigenous peoples and their traditional activities, such as reindeer husbandry, hunting and fishing. At the same time, the business community interest in the Arctic is creating opportunities for economically more advantageous living conditions.
Climate change is the factor most often mentioned, but increased technological development in natural resource production and increased commercial activities are also major factors of change in the region. As the ice withdraws, technological solutions provide opportunities to extract resources and to open transport routes across the Arctic Ocean. The ongoing changes lead to new opportunities for the region development: modernization and reinvention of existing industries, development of region infrastructure, employment growth, etc. For the northern communities the changes provide a chance to break with economic dependency, to be proud of local abilities and traditions, but at the same time they bring new challenges and environmental and social risks.
The participants of the Winter School Model Arctic Council are invited to discuss the issues of Sustainable development in the Arctic region with focus on the people of the North. The suggested topic corresponds to the theme of Canadian chairmanship for 2013-2015. Canada’s chairmanship is putting Northerners first, and chooses the theme “Development for the people of the North” with a focus on responsible Arctic resource development, safe Arctic shipping and sustainable circumpolar communities. The tasks of Canadian chairmanship are to highlight the social issues of the North, to provide sustainable development of the northern communities, and to ensure that the region’s future is in the hands of Northerners.
Regarding the priorities of Canada’s chairmanship, we suggest the participants of the Model Arctic Council to simulate three sessions of the Arctic Council with focus on the projects and initiatives provided by the Sustainable Development Working Group. Therefore, the Model Arctic Council includes:
Sustainable Development Working Group (SDWG) Session (2 day – 26 February)
Senior Arctic Officials (SAO) Meeting (3 day – 27 February)
Vice-Rector for International cooperation,
Northern Arctic Federal University,
UArctic Research Office Leader
UArctic Research Office Manager
UArctic Research Office Expert
NArFU invites organizations, private-sector firms, government agencies and international bodies to become sponsors of the Model Arctic Council, which will be held in Arkhangelsk, Russia in February 25-28, 2014.
The purposes of the conference are to provide the awareness about problems facing the sustainable development of the Arctic region among youth, and to contribute to the cooperation between Higher Education Institutions in the North (University of the Arctic) and the Arctic Council. MAC will attract the best graduate students, researchers, and practitioners from academic and administrative institutions in the Arctic region, and offer unparalleled opportunities for recruiting top talent. Attendees will learn about recent research trends and be able to discuss their opinion on the issues with luminaries, researchers, and practitioners in the field.
As a sponsor of this noteworthy event, you will have the opportunity to increase your visibility and visibility of your products, services or activities to a diverse national and international audience.
Benefits of becoming MAC’s Sponsor
Access to a multi-disciplinary audience of more than 50 attendees including professors, academics and talented students, representatives of governmental agencies (national, regional and local governments from Russia, the U.S., Canada and other countries) and non-governmental organizations, Indigenous communities.
Increased exposure and visibility through the inclusion of your logo and URL on the conference website and in all conference-related materials (e.g. conference announcements, program book, book of abstracts, banners and signage).
Complimentary advertisement space in the conference program book
Acknowledgment in MAC e-news publications and the MAC Annual Report
Discounted exhibit space
Complimentary tickets to the Gala Awards Dinner
To learn more about MAC and the ways in which your company or organization can support this important event while furthering its own goals and ambitions, please contact us:
We encourage Russian and international students of Master or PhD level to take part in the Model Arctic Council.
Applicants from diverse fields of studies are eligible to apply to MAC (e.g. political science, ecology, natural resource management, earth sciences, public policy, economics, community planning, indigenous studies, etc.). Those students whose academic focus and work most closely relates to primary Winter School themes and topic areas will be given preference.
Click on the link below to download the application form in Word (.doc) format. Please send your completed application as an email attachment to: email@example.com.
Applicants will be notified of their selection status by a representative from NArFU and informed about the documentation they are required to provide. They will be contacted by a representative from NArFU with more information about the documentation they are required to provide.
This course gives an orientation to the activities of the Arctic Council, as well as provides an understanding of the specifics of international affairs and policy making. It will include overview over pressing issues in the Arctic, the principles of international politics and some elements of the protocol and diplomatic procedures. Besides academic knowledge and skills (research and writing) the course is aimed to develop leadership skills (for example, skills in negotiation, team building, public speaking, interpersonal communication, etc.). Students will gain these skills through course assignments and by playing the role of the delegates at MAC. All assignments are to be submitted on the dates specified in the section “Important dates”. Failure to submit the assignment on time, or to provide prior notification with an acceptable excuse, will result in an automatic one-letter grade reduction for the task.
Winter School participants will be given 5 ECTS after the course completion. ECTS will be given for:
Position paper - 1 ECTS. Before the face-to-face meeting in Arkhangelsk, the students are expected to work with literature and to write their position papers, which will be discussed during the sessions and evaluated by the experts.
Work during the MAC Sessions – 2 ECTS. The participants are expected actively participate in discussions of Working Groups, Arctic Council Session and Ministerial Meeting.
Course paper – 2 ECTS. After the meeting in Arkhangelsk, the participants are expected to submit course papers.
The grade will be given on a scale from A to F, where F is a fail.
Click on the link below to download the application form in Word (.doc) format. Please send your completed application as an email attachment to: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Applicants will be notified of their selection status by a representative from NArFU and informed about the documentation they are required to provide. They will be contacted by a representative from MAC with more information about the documentation they are required to provide.
December 20, 2013
Deadline for starting visa procedure for the participants from US, Canada, Japan, China*
January 15, 2014
Deadline for starting visa procedure for the participants from EU
Information for visa processing has to be provided by a foreign partner (applicant) to a partner on the Russian side. To get a visa support invitation or the invitation letter the following information is needed for every person invited
Please, click on the link below to download the visa support form in Word
Sustainable Development Working Group (SDWG) members
Representatives of other Working Ggroups of the Arctic Council (ACAP, AMAP, CAFF, EPPR, PAME)
Permanent Participants (PP)
Observers to the Arctic Council (AC)
Senior Arctic Officials (SAO) of the eight Arctic statesMinisters of the eight Arctic states
Table 1. Sessions and roles
Day of MAC Winter School
Participants / roles
Sustainable Development Working Group (SDWG) session
1. Members of National delegations to SDWG (representatives of state authorities, specialists/scientists, other members of the delegations)
2. Permanent Participants
4.3. Arctic Council Observers
4. Representatives of other AC working groups (ACAP, AMAP, CAFF, EPPR, PAME)
5. Arctic Council Secretariat
6. Invited guests and other experts
Senior Arctic Officials’ (SAO) Meeting
1. Senior Arctic Officials of the eight Arctic states 2. Representatives of the Working Groups of the Arctic Council (AMAP, ACAP, CAFF, EPPR, PAME, SDWG)
3. Permanent Participants
The Ministerial Meeting
1. Ministers of the eight Arctic states
2. Senior Arctic Officials of the eight Arctic states 3. Permanent Participants
4. Arctic Council Observers
In the document titled ”Matrix” next to your name you will find a country that you represent at the MAC Sessions (column ”State/Organization”) and the role(s) that you perform during the days of the Winter School (column ”SDWG Session”, ”SAO Meeting”, ”the Ministerial Meeting”). Please pay attention that the Permanent Participants, the representatives of AMAP, CAFF, EPPR, and PAME Working Groups, AC Observers and the AC Secretariat keep their roles throughout the Winter School.. SDWG members change their roles on Day 3 and Day 4(SAO Meeting and the Ministerial Meeting). They play the roles of the SAOs of the Arctic states, members of National delegations, or the ministers. Some of the participants performing the role of SDWG members at the WG session (Day 2 day) keep this roles on Day 3and report to the SAOs of the Arctic states and to the representatives of other AC WG’s at the SAO Meeting. At the end of the SDWG Session SDWG members prepare the Working Group report and task some of SDWG members to present this report to the SAOs at the SAO Meeting.
Roles and task descriptions
To perform your role at the MAC sessions please complete the tasks given below and study the relevant documentation. Please note that position paper as an individual work that should be done prior to the face-to-face meeting is part of your preparation to the MAC and will help you to perform your role. We encourage you to address your fellow students and discuss the tasks for position paper and role performance.
NB! Please pay attention that we expect all participants to study the Arctic strategy of the state that you ”represent” in the MAC Winter School context (obligatory task).
1. SDWG members
During Day 2 of the Winter School MAC (SDWG Session) all participants take part in the work of the SDWG. The national delegations and the Permanent Participants, consisting of official representatives, scientists and other delegation members discuss and assess the ongoing projects, endorse new initiatives, and make decisions on the workplan of the group for the next period. As stated in the Position Paper Assignment, the SDWG members should find and study the information on ongoing and endorsed projects of the SDWG (project description, objectives, participants and their contribution, budgets, how the implementation of the project advances, the work plan for next period, perspectives of further work etc.). You will find the list of SDWG projects in the attached document “SDWG – Progress Report to Senior Arctic Officials”. On the basis of the material you will find, and on the basis of the position paper, SDWG members will present the results achieved in advancing the project and discuss what SDWG projects should be continued or finished, what issues and problem areas should be developed in the future etc.
An important part of the Session is presenting of new projects and initiatives that the students have prepared before the school will propose them for discussion at the SDWG meeting. The new projects and initiatives are prepared and presented according to the established set of rules (see the relevant documents in Dropbox folder and attached).
Each participant of the SDWG group will be given 4-5 minutes for individual presentation.
2. Representatives of the other Working Groups (AMAP, ACAP, CAFF, EPPR, PAME)
The participants given this role will make a brief presentation of ongoing and endorsed projects of the AC Working Groups they represent (ACAP, AMAP, CAFF, EPPR, PAME): projects description, objectives, participants and their contribution, budgets, what have been done in the framework of the projects, the Workplan for the next two-year period, perspectives of further work etc. We encourage the participants to focus on the projects implemented in collaboration with SDWG. The material that you will find can be relevant for discussion at the SDWG session. The proposals of new projects and initiatives are also welcomed.
The information prepared by the representatives of the WG’s will be presented to the Senior Arctic Officials of the Arctic states at the SAO Meeting (Day 3).
Each presentation should not exceed 5 -7 minutes.
3. Permanent Participants
During the SDWG Session (Day 2) the students playing roles of the Permanent Participants take part in the discussion and defend the interests of the indigenous people’s organizations they represent.
The task for Day 2 of the School is to find information on the organization you represent, and on the ongoing and newly endorsed projects of the SDWG that your organization is taking part in, to give an assessment from the indigenous people’s perspective and initiate new ideas and projects. This task corresponds to the position paper assignment that should be submitted by February, 19.
At The inisterial Meeting the Permanent Participants make speeches after the ministers of Arctic states.
The AC Observers observe the work of the Arctic Council. Observers may attend meetings and other activities of the Arctic Council. Observers may, at the discretion of the Chair, make statements, present written statements, submit relevant documents and provide views on the issues under discussion. The observers may take the work when the Chair opens for discussion and only after the national delegations and the Permanent Participants have spoken. Observers may propose projects through an Arctic State or a Permanent Participant The AC Observers may thus take contact with the other SDWG members – National delegations, the Permanent Participants) related to proposing projects ideas or offering financial or scientific/organizational support to the initiatives of the Working Group.
5. Senior Arctic Officials of the eight Arctic states
During the SAO Meeting the students playing Senior Arctic Officials listen to the proposals and initiatives presented by the SDWG. The SAOs work on a draft of the Ministerial Declaration, taking into account the reports of SDWG and the other Working Groups. The draft of the declaration is then subjected for national overview and final negotiation , before it is given to the Ministers of the Arctic states for signing at the Ministerial meeting.
To prepare for this role, we recommend the participants playing role of the SAOs to study the AC Declarations and to learn the main principles of declaration writing. We also encourage you to prepare a draft of declaration and start discussion on the text with the other SAOs.
6. Ministers of Eight Arctic Countries
Students playing role of ministers at the Ministerial Meeting of the Arctic Council will make speeches, addressing all the delegates from the Arctic statesand Permanent Participant delegations.
Role task 1: presentation of ongoing and endorsed projects of the SDWG (project description, objectives, participants and their contribution, budgets, activities and results in the framework of the project, the working plan for the next two-year period, , perspectives of further work etc.)
Role task 2: propose repare new projects and initiatives (according to the rules of project proposal procedure) and invite the meeting participants to discuss them
SDWG – Progress Report to Senior Arctic Officials (list of ongoing and endorsed projects of SDWG)
SDWG Project Proposal procedures paper Final
SDWG PROJECT PROPOSAL TEMPLATE
SDWG OPERATING GUIDELINES
SDWG Terms Of Reference
SDWG Working Plan for 2011-2013
Framework Document for the Sustainable Development Programme
Representatives of the other AC Working groups (AMAP, CAFF, EPPR, PAME)
Role task 1: make a brief presentation of ongoing and endorsed new projects of the AC Working Groups (ACAP, AMAP, CAFF, EPPR, PAME);
Role task 2: prepare a proposal of new projects and initiatives (additional)
Reports of the Working Groups (AMAP, CAFF, EPPR, PAME)
Arctic Council Working Groups Work Plans
SDWG Project Proposal procedures paper Final (as an example)
The Permanent Participants
Role task 1: find information about ongoing and endorsed projects of the SDWG that your organization is taking part in; give an assessment of the projects from the Indigenous peoples’ perspective; propose new project ideas and initiate new projects promoting for sustainable development in the Arctic
Role task 2: prepare a speech for the Ministerial Meeting
SDWG – Progress Report to Senior Arctic Officials (list of ongoing and endorsed projects of SDWG)
SDWG Project Proposal procedures paper Final
Observers to the Arctic Council
Role task 1: present the interests of the states and theorganizations – observers to the Arctic Council - during the meeting of SDWG.
Role task 2: provide SDWG with documents presenting your state’s/organization’s views and interests (in writing)
Role task 3: make agreements with the SDWG members (national delegations and the Permanent Participants) during the unofficial meetings
Arctic Council Observer Manual
Arctic Strategies of AC Observers
Senior Arctic Officials of the eight Arctic states
Role task 1: study the AC Declarations and learn the main principles related to drafting and negotiating of eclarations
Role task 2: prepare a draft of the declaration and start discussions and negotiations onthe text with the other SAOs.
Kiruna SAO Report to Ministers Final formatted
Kiruna Declaration final formatted
SAO Meeting Final Agenda_Whitehorse
Ministers of eight Arctic states
Role task 1: prepare a speech for the Ministerial Meeting
Speeches of the ministers (see Dropbox folder)
NB! Compulsory documents for all participants:
Arctic Council Rules of Procedure-1
Canadian Chairmanship Programme 2013-2015 – Brochure Oct 2013
The Arkhangelsk Region is a federal subject of the Russian Federation which is located in the North-West of the country on the shore of the White Sea. The region includes the Arctic archipelagos of Franz Josef Land and Novaya Zemlya, and Solovetsky Islands. Including Nenets Autonomous Okrug, the territory of the Arkhangelsk Region is about 587,400 square kilometers. That is bigger than the territory of France and six times bigger than the territory of Bulgaria.
The administrative center of the region is Arkhangelsk. The city was founded in 1584 and was the major Russian seaport until 1703; then, this role went to Saint-Petersbourg.
Arkhangelsk and the Arkhangelsk Region are famous for wooden architecture. Some of the wooden buildings, such as churches, chapels, peasant houses, farms, and city houses, date from the 17th century. The choice of wood as the main construction material was conditioned by the rich natural resources of the region. Located in tundra, forest-tundra and taiga natural zones the Arkhangelsk Region is covered by coniferous and deciduous forests. It is still being one of the biggest timber producers. On the territory of the region and the city, there are a number of churches, chapels and city houses that have been declared the cultural heritage and are protected on the federal and local levels. An open-air ethnographic museum in the village of Malye Karely is one of the examples. Another example is Chumbarova-Luchinskogo Avenue - street-museum - in the center of Arkhangelsk. It represents how wooden city looked like a century ago.
The region is also famous for the Solovetsky Islands known for picturesque nature and especially the Solovetsky Monastery - the best stone architectural ensemble in the North of Russian (founded in 1436). The Monastery represented the greatest citadel of Orthodox Christianity in the Russian North before being turned into a special Soviet prison and Labour camp GULag described in «The Gulag Archipelago» by Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn.
Please pay attention that participants are responsible for accommodation arrangements.
We recommend arranging accommodation in the hotel Stolica Pomoriya. It offers high-quality service and provides comfortable rooms and convenient location. The hotel is located on the Cape Pur Navolok, right in the Arkhangelsk historical city center. Thanks to the good location of the Hotel you can admire a picturesque outlook of the river Northern Dvina. You can also take a walk to the historical, cultural and shopping center of Arkhangelsk.
Steven Labensky is the Public Affairs Officer at the United States Consulate General in St. Petersburg. His previous posts include Kolkata, Krakow, Tashkent, Vienna and Brussels. Prior to joining the U.S. Department of State in 1999, Mr. Labensky was an attorney with a large law firm in Phoenix, Arizona. He specialized in complex healthcare litigation. Before practicing law, Mr. Labensky was a curator at the Museums at Stony Brook in New York. Mr. Labensky grew up in a suburb of New York City and has a Bachelor’s degree in art history and public policy studies from Duke University, a Master’s degree in art history from Washington University in St. Louis, and a law degree from Vanderbilt University.
Professor, Department of International Relations Theory and History, Faculty of International Relations, St. Petersburg State University, Russia. He got Ph.D. (history) from Moscow State University (1985) and Habilitation (political science) from St. Petersburg State University (1994). Prof. Sergunin is an expert of the Russian International Affairs Council and Russian Institute for Strategic Studies. He is also a member of several professional associations, such as the International Arctic Social Science Association, International Studies Association, Russian International Studies Association, International Peace Research Association, and Russian Association of Political Studies.
The fields of specialization: international relations history and theory, Russian foreign policy making. His most recent book-length publications include: Sergunin A. et al. “Contemporary International Relations Theories” (Moscow, 2013); Joenniemi P. & Sergunin A. “Laboratories of European Integration: City-Twinning in Northern Europe” (Tartu, 2012); Konyshev V. & Sergunin A. “Military Strategy of the Contemporary State” (St. Petersburg, 2012); Konyshev V. & Sergunin A. “The Arctic in International Politics: Cooperation or Competition?” (Moscow, 2011).
PhD-degree in Social Philosophy. Senior researcher at the Arkhangelsk Scientific Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Section for integrated Arctic research. Areas of interest: social, political and economic development in the Arctic, International co-operation in the Arctic, Norwegian language and society. After 10 years’ lecturing in Norwegian in Arkhangelsk, worked in Norway for 4 years, including a position of Russian language advisor/translator at the Arctic Council Secretariat (2011-2013).
MAC will include several working formats and sessions:
Invited experts will present some of the key issues currently discussed by the Arctic Council, introduce the specificity of the Arctic Council and its activities, and guide the participants through different topics related to the work of the Council
Simulation of the Arctic Council meeting (role game), including three stages corresponding to the work sessions of the Arctic Council:
1. Working Groups Sessions
2. Arctic Council Sessions
3. Ministerial Meeting
Participation in the Day of the Arctic
Day of the Arctic
Day of the Arctic, or Day of Cold is initiated by the international community and celebrated on the last winter day. The idea of the Day of the Arctic celebration is to draw a particular attention to environmental problems of the Arctic, its peoples, problems and prospects of the development of the region – topics discussed at the Arctic Council. In February 25-28, 2013 in the framework of this event a number of Russian and international Higher Education Institutions and Organizations took part in an International webinar organized by NArFU.
In 2014 the Model Arctic Council will be ended by the Day of the Arctic celebration.