At the end of April, the All-Russian scientific and practical seminar White-Black Sea: Conceptual Elements of the Russian National Idea and Its Competitive Advantages in the Twenty-first Century was held at Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov. The seminar was organized by the Department of Philosophy and Sociology of NArFU in cooperation with the Center for Arctic Studies of the Institute of Europe of the Russian Academy of Sciences. The purpose of the seminar is to form new philosophical and cultural universals of the Russian world. One of them — the WHITE-BLACK SEA — is a new integrative concept for the development of new Russian philosophical connections and meanings in our cultural space and the metaphysics of geopolitics, that is, the unification of the space of meanings from the White to the Black Sea.
This event was the first in a series of seminars named after Valentin Fedorov, corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Sciences. An agreement to hold them was reached between the Institute of Europe of the Russian Academy of Sciences and Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov on February 16, 2022 during the scientific conference The Legacy of V.P. Fedorov — scientist, politician, citizen.
During the seminar, participants proposed further discussion.
The acting head of the Department of Philosophy and Sociology of NArFU, Doctor of Philosophy, Associate Professor Artem Makulin expressed need not only to pay attention to the role of compact visual and digital representation of knowledge and information in modern virtual communication, but also to actively promote the interests of Russia in the hegemony of Internet communication.
Valery Zhuravel, Head of the Center for Arctic Research, in his report Arctic Security Strategy, drew attention to the peculiarities of the manifestation of the aggressiveness of NATO in the Arctic region under the conditions of Western sanctions pressure on Russia. It was stressed that it is necessary to increase efforts to improve the composition and structure of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, other troops, military formations and bodies in the Arctic zone, equipping them with modern weapons, military and special equipment adapted to the Arctic conditions. Strengthening the Russian presence in the Arctic is conditioned by the desire of the United States and its allies to challenge the legitimate rights of Russia, to gain unhindered access to the resources of the region and to the Northern Sea Route. It is important to carefully analyze the activities of unfriendly countries defined by the decree of the Government of the Russian Federation, and if their anti-Russian actions weaken, make changes to the corresponding list.
Diana Timoshenko, Senior Researcher at the Center for Arctic Research, presented the report Arctic Tourism under the Sanctions Pressure of the European Union and Withdrawal from the UN World Tourism Organization, in which she highlighted the features of the tourist vector in the current geopolitical instability. The main provisions of the report are summarized in the following facts and the conclusions arising therefrom: tourism in the Russian Arctic carries the mission of socio-economic development and is part of the geopolitical presence; the Russian chairmanship in the the Arctic Council 2021-2023 will not fully contribute to a deeper study of the prospects for the development of Arctic tourism and scientific cooperation in the current situation; the development of tourism in the Russian Arctic depends on an integrated approach and coordination of its management with the program of chairmanship, state strategy, involvement of authorities, public and scientific organizations, business, NGOs; tourism is considered as a tool to reduce the conflict potential of civilizational development in the north.
Chairman of the Crimean Branch of the Russian Philosophical Society, Doctor of Philosophy, Associate Professor of Humanitarian Pedagogical Academy (Branch) of V.I. Vernadsky Crimean Federal University Oleg Shevchenko revealed the peculiarities of the Russian idea and the Russian ideal in the XXI century: "In order for Russia to be able to cope with the challenges of the XXI century, it needs to learn to dream. The national idea is born not by the orders of officials, but by the thirst to create their own future. A thirst that most people share. And for this you need to learn to dream, passionately thinking about what exactly we, as the bearers of the Russian world, can give and open to the world. We and no one else. Without the initiative of each of us — teachers, students, postgraduates, schoolchildren — the national idea will not be born. It cannot be launched in the format of a decree, but can be born in disputes, discussions, creativity. Let's dream and create a future that we deserve. It is important to unite Russia as a single organism, a single socio-cultural field."
His vision of the national idea of Russia from the past to the present was presented by Candidate of Philosophical Sciences, Senior Lecturer of the Department of Humanities of NSMU Andrey Povilaitis: "The national idea is a systematic generalization of national consciousness. The national idea is the meaning of the nation life in a certain territory. A country that does not have a national idea either disintegrates, or falls under external control, or sails like a boat without a rudder and a capitan. I would personally propose the following national idea: Russia is the defender of the world from global threats. The goal of Russia today is to concretize and define the national idea as much as possible, despite all the difficulties, including that its population is multinational and multiconfessional."
Acute and urgent issues were raised by colleagues from the Crimea. Chairman of the Executive Committee of the Black Sea Association for International Cooperation, Deputy Director of the State Autonomous Institution Business and Cultural Center of the Republic of Crimea, Candidate of Historical Sciences, corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Sciences Yaroslav Ivanchenko analyzed the international situation in the Black Sea basin. He noted: "The increasing activity of NATO countries in the White and Black Seas have the same roots — an attempt to create tensions near our borders by Western countries. Special attention was paid to the activities of the Black Sea Association for International Cooperation in public diplomacy, in particular, assistance to the International Association Friends of Crimea in various countries of the world.
Alexander Irkhin, Head of the Department of Political Sciences and Philosophy at Sevastopol State University, Doctor of Political Sciences, reviewed the current problems of Ukraine's foreign policy: "The above classification allows us to divide Ukrainian political ideas from the end of the nineteenth to the beginning of the twentieth century into three vectors: pro-Russian, pro-Western and autochthonous. Of the three directions of this classification of Ukrainian philosophical and political ideas, two of them - the first and the third — suggest a broad framework of co—existence in discourse: from the union of the triune Russian nation and the joint solution of strategic and national tasks to the preservation of a special position and significance within a single integration space."
Dean of the Faculty of Philosophy of the Tauride Academy of V.I. Vernadsky Crimean Federal University, Doctor of Philosophy, Professor Oleg Gabrielyan analyzed the prospects of modern Eurasianism: "Eurasianism as an ideological concept arose in the 1930s among Russian emigrants. Today the task is to include this concept in the intellectual field of Russia as a possible basis for the social and political movement. In fact, the transformation of this concept not only into a worldview, but also into an ideology. It should inspire the peoples of Russia to jointly create an image of the future of Russia as a civilization."
Great interest was aroused by the report of the Candidate of Philosophical Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Philosophy and Sociology of NArFU Inga Zashikhina. Inga spoke about the situation with publications about the Arctic in the field of social and humanitarian sciences. Most of the highly cited publications about the Arctic are still in journals of international databases. As the analysis shows, articles about the Arctic in the Russian journals included in the list of the Higher Attestation Commission are cited little. Inga Mikhailovna associated the low citation of articles with mistakes in their texts organization and their poor readability. At the same time, the data from the Web of Science bibliometric database say: in the last decade, Russian researchers have shown a good increase in the number of works on the Arctic compared to authors from other countries. The speaker noted that the most cited journal with publications about the Arctic in the Web of Science database is the Arctic and the North, published by NArFU. The most cited topics of articles relate to the field of geography.