The All-Russian Conference Development of the North Arctic Region: Preservation of the Cultural Heritage of the Arctic Peoples Took Place in NArFU

The All-Russian Conference Development of the North Arctic Region: Preservation of the Cultural Heritage of the Arctic Peoples Took Place in NArFU
04.05.2022

At the end of April, at Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov, the X All-Russian Scientific and Practical Conference Development of the North Arctic Region: Preservation of the Cultural Heritage of the Arctic Peoples was held. It was dedicated to the Year of Cultural Heritage of the Peoples of Russia. 

The partners of the conference were the National Arctic Scientific and Educational Consortium, Petrozavodsk State University, Murmansk Arctic State University, Syktyvkar State University named after Pitirim Sorokin, the Northern Maritime Museum (Arkhangelsk) and the Museum of Folk Crafts and Crafts of Primorye (Uemsky settlement, Primorsky district of the Arkhangelsk region). The conference was attended by scientists from the Russian Arctic National Park, Murmansk Arctic State University, Petrozavodsk State University, St. Petersburg State University and other educational, scientific, cultural, spiritual organisations and governmental bodies.

The conference brought together 171 researchers from 25 organizations representing 15 different Russian cities. The conference started on April 27 with the Round Table Cultural Heritage of the Russian North and the Arctic: Regional Aspect. It was organized on the basis of the City Children's Library No. 1 named after E.S. Kokovin. The participants of the round table discussed the cultural and religious heritage of the Russian North and the Arctic, issues of ethno-cultural branding, visualization and digitalization of the cultural heritage of the Arctic peoples. They also saw the new library space organized as a number of "islands" that differ in their themes and functionality.

The official opening of the conference took place on April 28 at an online plenary session. At the beginning of the meeting, Marat Yeseev, Vice—Rector for Innovative Development at NArFU, scientific director of the world-class REC Russian Arctic, Doctor of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, chairman of the conference organizing committee, made a welcoming speech. Marat Kanalbekovich noted the relevance of the issues discussed at the conference, the breadth of geographical coverage and wished a successful conference. Then there were reports by scientists representing various institutions that are organizers and partners of the conference. Galina Zhigunova, Doctor of Sociology, Head of the Department of Philosophy and Social Sciences of Murmansk Arctic State University presented the report "Atypical" Child in the Perceptions of the Population of the Russian Euro-Arctic Region. Galina Vladimirovna's report included data on the perception of children with health problems by the population of various Arctic regions of Russia, including the Arkhangelsk region. Data collection became possible thanks to the financial support of the Russian Scientific Fund and the administrations of the regions in which the study was conducted. Valentina Volokhova, Candidate of Historical Sciences, Associate Professor of the Departments of National History at Petrozavodsk State University invited the participants of the plenary session to reflect on the problem of memory instrumentalization and illustrated this issue with the perception of the Scottish engineer and public figure Charles Gascoigne, who played an important role in the Karelian industry, by Petrozavodsk residents. Alexander Khatanzeysky, researcher at the Department of Historical and Cultural Heritage Preservation of the Russian Arctic National Park, and Alexey Usov, Junior Researcher at the Scientific Center for Traditional Culture and Museum Practices of Federal Center for Integrated Arctic Studies, presented the results of their archaeological and cultural-ethnographic expeditions to Severny Island of the Novaya Zemlya archipelago and to Onezhskoye Pomorye National Park. A large number of photographs of authentic exhibits and their descriptions allowed the audience to take virtual tours of Novaya Zemlya and the settlements of the Onega district of the Arkhangelsk region. Alexander Tamitsky, Candidate of Political Sciences, Professor of the Department of Regional Studies, International Relations and Political Science of NArFU introduced the results of a survey and interviews of young people living in the Arkhangelsk Region and the Nenets Autonomous Okrug, revealing the state of interethnic relations of youth in the regions of the Russian Arctic.

Thematic areas of historical understanding of the Arctic cultural heritage, social issues of sustainable development of the Arctic population, stressed by the speakers of the plenary session, as well as a number of other topics were discussed in the framework of sections and round tables.

The session of the section Comprehensive Study of the Territories Development: Historical Experience and Modern Approaches opened with a report by Vasily Abramovsky, head of the Department of Scientific Educational work of the Northern Maritime Museum, who introduced the audience to little-known sources on the legendary voyage of the icebreaker steamer A. Sibiryakov in 1932. A lively discussion was caused by the report of Tatiana Minaeva, Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor of the Department of National History of the Russian Academy of Sciences, who raised the problem of the quality of students' knowledge about the role that Peter I played in the development of the Russian North. Natalia Kuznetsova, Associate Professor of the Department of National History of PetrSU, made the report Old Believers as the Human Capital of the North of Russia at the End of the XVIII–XIX century. A kind of roll call turned out between the reports of Arseny Liskov (PetrSU), Alexandra Vasina, a junior researcher at the Scientific Center for Traditional Culture and Museum Practices of Federal Center for Integrated Arctic Studies, Natalia Petrova and Olga Churakova (NArFU), devoted to the problems of studying and representing the traditional cultural landscape of the Russian European North in literature and language. The complex and ambiguous historical experience of the development of the Pechenga subsoil by Kola Mining and Metallurgical Company was presented in an online report by Anna Churlik, a methodologist for scientific and educational activities of the Pechenga district of the Murmansk region.

In the section International Сooperation and Сompetition in the Arctic Region the reports were very diverse and covered several topical and fundamental problems of international cooperation and competition: international relations in the Arctic region in the context of the world order transformation, scientific diplomacy, international cooperation for the development of the NSC, prospects for Russian-Chinese cooperation, international cooperation in the Arctic in new conditions. Scientists from Northern (Arctic) Federal University and St. Petersburg State University were involved in the work of the section. Presentations were made by both established and young scientists, graduate and bachelor students.

At the section Human Capital and the Quality of Life of the Arctic Population, the topics of the presentations were quite diverse, but aroused the keen interest among the participants. Thus, Artem Vakhrushev, a candidate of the Department of Philosophy and Sociology of NArFU, made a report on combating poverty, including on the territory of the Arctic municipalities of the Arkhangelsk region. The problem of preserving the population in the northern territories and creating conditions for comfortable living and work echoes the report of Marina Nenasheva, Associate Professor of the Department of Philosophy and Sociology of the NArFU, which was devoted to the resilience of local communities in the North of Russia in the context of global challenges of our time. One of the most important aspects of the current situation is environmental justice, as told by Natalya Kukarenko, Associate Professor of the Department of Philosophy and Sociology of NArFU. Yulia Afonkina, Head of the Department of Psychology and Correctional Pedagogy of Murmansk Arctic State University, spoke at the section about the attitude of representatives of regional society to an "atypical" child. In addition, an interesting report was made by a 2nd-year student Elena Gorokhova from the Institute of Languages and Culture of the Russian North-East Peoples of North-Eastern Federal University. She highlighted the topic of youth entrepreneurship as a social elevator of youth development.

In the section State, Politics and Governance in the Arctic Region audience was particularly interested in the reports of Ekaterina Tamitskaya (NArFU) The Historical Consciousness of the Youth of the Arkhangelsk Region in the Conditions of Socio-Political Transformations, Konstantin Fomin (NArFU) Factors of Ethnization of the Workforce in the Arkhangelsk Region, Victoria Kritskaya (NArFU) Management of the Russian North Arctic Ecosystem: Carbon Polygons, and Svetlana Rozhneva (PetrSU) Digitalization policy of the Arctic Zone of the Republic of Karelia.

Speakers of the section Media Communications in the Arctic Region were teachers of the Department of Journalism, Advertising and Public Relations, NArFU, as well as teachers and students of NEFU (Yakutsk). The reports of the participants can be conditionally divided into three groups: issues of territories promotion, popularization of the language, implementation of advertising activities; issues of modern journalistic creativity; methodological issues of implementation of practical training of students and training using electronic and remote learning.

The unifying theme of all the presentations in the section Modern Challenges of the Transformation of Language Education in the North Arctic Region was the discussion of changes characterizing higher education and language education in the North Arctic region. During the discussion, the participants of the session came to the conclusion that it is necessary to conduct comprehensive and systematic work to change the thinking of higher school teachers in order to provide a response to the challenges and transformations they face.

The section The Role of ESP in Overcoming Arctic Challenges had 7 speakers, all reports were presented in face-to-face format. The reports of Zhanna Yelukova (NArFU) Prevention of Toxic Discourse as a Way to Preserve the Cultural Code and Svetlana Zhemchugova Implementation of the CLIL Approach (Content and Language Integrated Learning) in the Teaching of Foreign Language to Future Language Teachers aroused the greatest interest and discussion.

In the section Sustainable Development of the Population of the Arctic Territories: Social Policy and Social Work such topics as social activity of young people, open space technology, esports in the aspect of prevention of video game addiction, probation of juvenile convicts, professional plans of future specialists in the social sphere, features of abuse prevention, independent assessment of the quality of services and much more were quite interesting. Each participant of the conference got electronic certificates with a unique design from the Student Coffee Shop Club.

The section Arctic Tourism and Media Image of the Arctic was attended by teachers and young scientists from Arkhangelsk, Murmansk, Kirovsk (Murmansk region) and Petrozavodsk. The session began with an interesting report by Zoya Zhelnina, Candidate of Philosophy, Associate Professor of the Department of Service and Tourism of Murmansk Arctic State University, who examined the phenomenon of cold and its role for Arctic tourism. Natalia Zhuravel, Candidate of Historical Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Religious Studies and History of Amur State University, analysed Canada's experience in Arctic tourism. Young participants from Kirovsk Anastasia Kovaleva and Alina Getmantseva presented a business project of an all-season tourist enterprise in Khibiny and a programme for tourists with some elements of traditional Sami culture. Anastasia Petrova, a student of the Journalism Department of Petrozavodsk State University, analyzed the media image of the Karelian north on the example of the village of Keret, located on the Karelian coast of the White Sea which has a rich history, and now is uninhabited. All the reports raised a large number of questions, and the participants received impulses to continue their scientific research.

The participants of the section Linguistic Research in the North Arctic Region: History and Modernity discussed the use of artificial intelligence in translation, methods of expert and automatic assessment of translation quality, pre-editing of texts for machine translation, post-editing of machine translation, the functioning of lexical and terminological units in special texts related to the most important areas for the North Arctic region (economics, social work, tourism, maritime industry), the history of Russian lexicography, as well as teaching a foreign language and translation in the Russian North during the Great Patriotic War (1941-1945).

The presentations of the round table From Language Theory to Teaching Practice in the Information Age were practically oriented, and the participants of the discussion could get concrete examples of how to organize a simulation game for university students, prepare students for internship in Germany or teach them to effectively compose creative written works at different levels of education. During the discussion of the round table presentations, several practical ideas appeared, in particular, to create a student blog or website with the possibility of publishing real works of students created in foreign language classes at the university.

The round table Arctic Regions of Russia in the XXI Century: Request for Spirituality was attended by representatives of the clergy and the government of the Arkhangelsk region, as well as scientists of NArFU. The audience was particularly interested in the report of Archpriest Valery (Suvorov), Secretary of the Diocesan Administration of the Arkhangelsk and Kholmogorsky Metropolia of the Archangel Diocese, who spoke about the historical role of Orthodoxy in the development of the Russian North and drew attention to the importance of preserving ancestral spiritual values for future generations. Commissioner for Children's Rights under the Governor of the Arkhangelsk Region Elena Molchanova made a report Childhood Prosperity: New Challenges, Solutions, Opportunities. She spoke about the difficulties faced by the modern education system in teaching young people. The participants of the round table agreed that modern education is impossible without spiritual and moral education of children. At the end of the round table, the participants noted the importance of constant cooperation between representatives of the clergy, regional authorities and scientists and expressed hope that such meetings will become regular.

You can continue the discussion on the topics presented by the conference participants in the collection of articles (indexed in the RSCI). You can send your article till May 15.

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