Pomorie - the Heart of the Northen Russian Culture
Arkhangelsk Region is famous for its rich history, picturesque natural zones, magnificent landscapes and sacred sites.
Arkhangelsk Region is an original repository of old Russian culture and deepest traditions of spiritual life of the coast-dwellers. Historians believe that brethren of the North – primitive hunters and fishermen – appeared here already 14 thousand years ago. According to conservative estimate, 800 archeological monuments that date back to the Paleolithic and Middle Ages were found here. They are material evidence of the mysterious and legendary tribes 'chud' and 'lop' that once settled on the Vaga, the Pinega, the Mezen Rivers and Lake Lache.
A special role in the regional development was played by Orthodox hermits and monasteries. While in the XII-XVth centuries the monasteries were just a few, by the XVIIth – they numbered more than 60 and functioned as cultural centres and sanctuary of the northern border of the Russian state. The most famous among them in the Solovetsky Monastery. Now attracting pilgrims from all over the world, it used to be a special purpose camp in the Soviet times.
In the XVIII century, with shifting of Russian foreign trade activities from Arkhangelsk to the Baltics, the pace of socio-economic development in the Arkhangelsk North slowed down. Ttransforming into a Russian province, the region, however, has preserved its original color, traditions and the unique historical and cultural heritage.
Arkhangelsk region is famous for the beauty of the Solovetsky Islands, the Kiy-Island, the Pinega karst caves, the architectural ensembles in Kargopol and Solvychegodsk, the culture of Kenozero, the unique monuments of Russian wooden architecture.
The area of the protected sites in Arkhangelsk region exceeds 3.4 million hectares and accounts for 8.7% of region's total area. The region has preserved its picturesque natural sites. Among the unique natural phenomena are the karst caves, the majority of which (352) are concentrated in Pinega district. These underground karst cave systems are the largest and numerous in Europe. The glacial underworld does not warm up even in summer and is totally different from the karst caves in the Crimea or the Caucasus.
The severe beauty of the White Sea is amazing. The charm of this enchanted ground leaves unforgettable impressions in its visitors' hearts. There are no slim palm trees on the White Sea coast and beaches. On sand dunes grow the queens of the island – the mighty pines.