Within the framework of the Arctic Science Week, a session entitled “Arctic Law: Modern Legal Regulation, Training and Research” was held.
The panel discussion included a dialogue on the formation of the Arctic law as a separate group of legal norms. They discussed current challenges in the field of legal regulation in the Arctic, the mechanisms and tools for the development of Arctic law, the integration of traditions and innovations, the training of specialists in the field of Arctic law, the improvement of legal mechanisms for the protection of the rights of indigenous peoples of the Arctic, the protection of health of northerners and other issues.
Tatyana Sorokina, Associate Professor of the Department of International Law and Comparative Law, spoke about the problems of legal regulation in the Arctic region and the work of the NArFU Arctic biomonitoring laboratory. This laboratory combines the efforts of biologists, chemists and lawyers to implement the mega grant of the Government of the Russian Federation, aimed at creating a system for tracking pollutants in food of northerners and creating the necessary preventive measures.
Tatiana Sorokina noted that the Arctic today is one of the most popular topics on the international agenda. At the same time, legislation and legal regulation do not keep up with general political trends. The Arctic region is being actively developed, but this activity is regulated by general legal norms. According to Tatyana Sorokina, the Arctic should be subject to special legal regulation.
“This is due to serious climatic differences, the Arctic ecosystems are very unstable, they are seriously affected by the economic activities of industrial companies. Ecosystems of the Arctic are difficult to recover due to low temperatures. At the same time, climate change trends are most acutely felt in the Arctic. We gathered to discuss environmental issues in the Arctic, the issue of regulation of human activity, regulation of international relations in the Arctic. Our colleagues from China expressed a clear position on the intention to develop cooperation with us on legal issues. In their opinion, the Russian legal regulation in the Arctic today is international, because the Russian Arctic is the largest. The Chinese see Russia as their strategic partner in the region. They understand that in order to enter the Arctic through the Russian gates, they need to know and comply with our legislation, ”said Tatyana Sorokina.
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