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Scientists NArFU will trace changing of health of inhabitants of Arctic regions

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Scientists NArFU will trace changing of health of inhabitants of Arctic regions
Scientists NArFU will trace changing of health of inhabitants of Arctic regions

Researchers of the Arctic Biomonitoring Laboratory of the NArFU are studying the ways of pollutants transferring to the organism of the far north inhabitants. These toxicants are transmitted to humans through the consumption of migratory species of birds, fish and animals.

One of the areas of study of the laboratory is the study of species that can potentially get to the table of northerners. Scientists with the help of special equipment investigate what organic pollutants and heavy metals are contained in meat of Arctic fishes and birds. The relevance of these studies lies in the fact that today in Russia there is no single monitoring system for such objects of the animal world, in connection with this it is difficult to assess the health risks of people who are accustomed to lead a traditional way of life, including fishing and hunting.

The laboratory also examines the biological material obtained from the inhabitants of the Far North.

"We received blood samples from the indigenous inhabitants of the Yamal-Nenets Autonomous Area, which we plan to analyze for heavy metals content to the summer. This year also extensive expeditionary activity is planned in the Chukchi and Nenets Autonomous Areas. There we will take samples of blood, milk teeth and hair. By the end of 2018, we plan to get the first results of the analysis," - said the head of the laboratory Tatyana Sorokina.

The researcher noted that heavy metals and organic contaminants can adversely affect life expectancy, reproductive system, cause oncological diseases.

As researchers explained, a single check of the health status of residents of the Arctic territories through the analysis of biological material was carried out about ten years ago. But this work was not further continued. Now the laboratory staff are collecting material, and looking for people who were the object of these studies.

"We will be able to tell you how the health of indigenous peoples in the Arctic and the state of ecosystems have changed over the past 10 years, comparing our findings with what was published earlier. We will be able to see negative and positive changes which were happened over these years," Tatyana Sorokina said.

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