Lomonosov monument

Lomonosov Monument Online
 

The statue of M.V. Lomonosov in front of the main building of the Northern (Arctic) Federal University 

The statue of Mikhail Vasilyevich Lomonosov was erected by the former rector of the Academy of Arts I. P. Martos in 1826-1829, and was among his later works. Ivan Martos wrote about his statue: “It was the most honoured work of Lomonosov – the eleventh ode “An Evening Reflection About God's Grandeur Prompted by the Great Northern Lights”, that gave me the idea to create my monument. I have depicted Lomonosov standing on the Northern hemisphere in order to emphasize that he is a Northern poet. The name of Kholmogory, his birthplace, is engraved on the hemisphere. The position of the figure expresses the amazement he was struck by when looking at the miraculous northern lights. In his spirit's delight the poet receives a lyre, brought to him by the divine figure of poetry.” In 1825 people started to raise money for construction of a monument to their fellow-townsman - Mikhail Lomonosov. Donations were made by Moscow and St. Petersburg Academies, the 2nd army of Wittgenstein, counts D. Khvostov, Semyon Ivanovich Vorontsov, Nikolay Semyonovich Mordvinov, Nikolay Petrovich Rumyantsev, Arkhangelsk merchants, bourgeois and simple peasants. One thousand rubles was donated by Lomonosov’s granddaughter Sophia Alekseyeva Raevskaya. They managed to collect the total of 53.395 rubles and 3.5 kopeks.   The casting of the sculpture was finished in 1829, and in 1832 the monument was raised on the Cathedral Square in Arkhangelsk. In 1930 they moved it to the building of Arkhangelsk Forestry Engineering Institute (now Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M. V. Lomonosov). A new pedestal was created in 1930 to place the monument in front of the university. The statue is created in a neo-classicistic style and is one of the earlier monumental works in Arkhangelsk. The bronze sculpture is placed on a cylindrical pedestal of pink polished granite with specks of gray. The pedestal, which has a high base and profiled cornice, rests on a two-step stand of grey granite blocks. The front side of the pedestal reads “Lomonosov 1829”, and the back side – “Moved in 1867 and 1930”. The sculpture that crowns the monument shows Lomonosov in his full length, dressed in ancient toga and standing on the northern hemisphere of the globe. The scientist has short hair and is without his wig, which adds to the antique appearance of the model. His right hand is raised and there’s a lyre in his left one, which has the monogram of Empress Elizabeth. The lyre is brought to Lomonosov by the divine genius – the kneeling naked young boy with wings. Various socio-cultural events and freshmen inauguration ceremony take place at the foot of the monument which is also a sightseeing place.          

For the record:

Ivan Petrovich Martos (1754 - 5th (17th) of April 1835) is a Russian and Ukrainian artist and sculptor. Ivan Martos was born around 1754 in the small town of Ichnya in the Poltava province (now Chernigov Region of Ukraine) in a family of Ukrainian landed gentry. He was matriculated to Imperial Academy in the first year of its establishment (1761) and began his studies in 1764 to graduate with gold medal in 1773. He was then sent to Italy as a pensioner from the Academy. In Rome he eagerly engaged in art, practicing, among other things, in live drawing at the studio of P. Battoni and the study of antique under the direction of R. Mengs. Martos returned to St. Petersburg in 1779 and immediately was appointed lecturer of sculpture at the Academy. In 1794, he was made senior professor, in 1814 – rector and in the late 1831 - honoured rector of sculpture. Tsars Paul I, Alexander I and Nikolay I often ordered sculptural productions from Martos and many of his works were well known not only in Russia, but also in foreign lands. Martos died in St. Petersburg on the 17th of April 1835 and is buried in the Lazarev cemetery. 

Works by Martos:

* The bronze statue of John the Baptist decorating the porch of the Kazan Cathedral in St. Petersburg;

* Relief of “Moses exudes water from a stone” over one of the passages in the colonnade of the temple;

* The monument of Grand Duchess Alexandra Pavlovna in the royal park of Pavlovsk;

* The monument to Minin and Pozharsky (1804 - 1818);

* The marble statue of empress Catherine II in the hall of the Moscow Nobility Assembly;

* The bust of emperor Alexander I made for St. Petersburg stock exchange hall;

* The monument to Alexander I in Taganrog;

* The monument to Duc de Richelieu (1823 - 1828) in Odessa;

* The monument to prince Potemkin in Kherson;

* The monument to Lomonosov in Kholmogory;

* The tombstone to countess Praskovia Bruce;

* The tombstone monument to Aleksey Fyodorovich Turchaninov;

* The monument to prince Gagarin in the Alexander Nevskiy monastery;

* The monument to secret councelor Elena Sergeyevna Karneeva (Lashkareva) in the Alexander Nevskiy monastery;

* «Akteon»

* The Lomonosov monument in front of NArFU in Arkhangelsk;

* The tombstone to S.S. Volkonskaya (1782);

* The tombstone to M. P. Sobakina (1782);

* The tombstone to E. S. Kurakina (1792);

* The tombstone to K. G. Razumovsky in the Baturina Church of Resurrection;

(Based on the material from Wikipedia) 



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Updated 04.06.2012